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The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology


Normal Personality Workgroup

This workgroup is currently inactive and seeking a new Chair. Please Contact Us if you are interested in this role.


Charter includes (a) explicating the role of normal personality in HiTOP, (b) providing the cross-walk between these domains, and (c) outlining mechanisms of these relations.



Aidan G.C. Wright
Aaron Pincus
Ashley Watts
Colin DeYoung
David M Condon
David Watson
Donald R. Lynam
Douglas B. Samuel
Gina Rossi
Jennifer L. Tackett
Joshua D. Miller
Kasey Stanton
Katherine Thomas
Kevin King
Kristian Markon
Lee Anna Clark
Martin Sellbom
Michael Chmielewski
Nicholas R. Eaton
Robert Krueger
Roman Kotov
Scott D. Blain
Stephanie N. Mullins-Sweatt
Susan C. South

Workgroup Outputs

Adler, J. M., & Clark, L. A. (2019). Incorporating narrative identity into structural approaches to personality and psychopathology. Journal of Research in Personality, 82, 103857.

Brandes, C. M., & Tackett, J. L. (2019). Contextualizing neuroticism in the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 238-245. Preprint

Conway, C. C., Li, Y. I., & Starr, L. R. (2019). Trait anhedonia is a transdiagnostic correlate of internalizing problems during adolescence. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 56-63.

Eaton, N. R. (2020). Measurement and mental health disparities: Psychopathology classification and identity assessment. Personality and Mental Health, 14(1), 76-87. 

DeYoung, C. G., Chmielewski, M., Clark, L. A., Condon, D. M., Kotov, R., Krueger, R. F., Lynam, D. R., Markon, K. E., Miller, J. D., Mullins-Sweatt, S. N., Samuel, D. B., Sellbom, M., South, S. C., Thomas, K. M., Watson, D., Watts, A. L., Widiger, T. A., Wright, A. G. C. & the HiTOP Normal Personality Workgroup. (2022). The distinction between symptoms and traits in the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP). Journal of Personality, 90, 20-33. Full text   

Kotelnikova, Y., Weaver, C. A., & Clark, L. A. (2019). The joint structure of maladaptive personality traits and psychopathology. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 64-71

Lynam, D. R., & Miller, J. D. (2019). The basic trait of Antagonism: An unfortunately underappreciated construct. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 118-126. Preprint

Laceulle, O. M., Chung, J. M., Vollebergh, W. A., & Ormel, J. (2020). The wide‐ranging life outcome correlates of a general psychopathology factor in adolescent psychopathology. Personality and Mental Health, 14(1), 9-29. Full text

Longenecker, J. M., Krueger, R. F., & Sponheim, S. R.(2020). Personality traits across the psychosis spectrum: A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology conceptualization of clinical symptomatology. Personality and Mental Health, 14(1), 88-105. Full text

Mullins‐Sweatt, S. N.,Hopwood, C. J., Chmielewski, M., Meyer, N. A., Min, J., Helle, A. C., & Walgren, M. D. (2020). Treatment of personality pathology through the lens of the hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology: Developing a research agenda. Personality and Mental Health, 14(1), 123-141. Full text

Mullins-Sweatt, S. N., DeShong, H. L., Lengel, G. J., Helle, A. C., & Krueger, R. F. (2019). Disinhibition as a unifying construct in understanding how personality dispositions undergird psychopathology. Journal of Research in Personality, 80, 55-61. Full text  

Perkins, E. R., Latzman, R. D., & Patrick, C. J. (2020). Interfacing neural constructs with the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology: ‘Why' and ‘How'. Personality and Mental Health, 14(1), 106-122.

Ringwald, W. R., Beeney, J. E., Pilkonis, P. A., & Wright, A. G. (2019). Comparing hierarchical models of personality pathology. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 98-107. Full text

Sellbom, M., Carragher, N., Sunderland, M., Calear, A. L., & Batterham, P. J. (2020). The role of maladaptive personality domains across multiple levels of the HiTOP structure. Personality and Mental Health, 14(1), 30-50.

Watson, D., Stanton, K., Khoo, S., Ellickson-Larew, S., & Stasik-O'Brien, S. M. (2019). Extraversion and psychopathology: A multilevel hierarchical review. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 1-10.      

Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (2020). Personality traits as an organizing framework for personality pathology. Personality and Mental Health, 14(1),51-75. Full text

Watts, A. L., Poore, H. E., Lilienfeld, S. O., & Waldman, I. D. (2019). Clarifying the associations between big five personality domains and higher-order psychopathology dimensions in youth. Journal of Research in Personality, 82.

Widiger, T. A., Bach, B., Chmielewski, M., Clark, L. A., DeYoung, C., Hopwood, C. J., Kotov, R., Krueger, R. F., Miller, J. D., Morey,L. C., Mullins-Sweatt, S. N., Patrick, C. J., Pincus, A. L., Samuel, D. B.,Sellbom, M., South, S. C., Tackett, J. L., Watson, D., Waugh, M. H., Wright, A.G. C., Zimmermann, J., Bagby, R. M., Cicero, D. C., Conway, C. C., De Clercq,B., Docherty, A. R., Eaton, N. R., Forbush, K. T., Haltigan, J. D., Ivanova, M.Y., Latzman, R. D., Lynam, D. R., Markon, K. E., Reininghaus, U., & Thomas,K. M. (2019). Criterion A of the AMPD in HiTOP. Journal of Personality Assessment, 101, 345-355. Full text   

Widiger, T. A., & Crego, C. (2019). HiTOP thought disorder, DSM-5 psychoticism, and Five Factor Model openness. Journal of Research in Personality, 80, 72-77.      

Widiger, T. A., Sellbom, M., Chmielewski,, M., Clark, L. A., DeYoung, C. G., Kotov, R., Krueger, R. F., Lynam, D. R., Miller, J. D., Mullins-Sweatt, S., Samuel, D. B., South, S. C., Tackett, J. L., Thomas, K. M., Watson, D., & Wright, A. G. C. (2019). Personality in a hierarchical model of psychopathology. Clinical Psychological Science, 7, 77-92 Preprint

Current Projects/Opportunities to get involved

1. Establishing Cutoff Points for Adaptive and Maladaptive Personality Trait Domains (project with Thomas A. Widiger)
2. Alternative Facet Models for the Five Factor Model of Personality (project with Stephanie Mullins-Sweatt)

Get Involved in the HiTOP Effort

New members are always welcome