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The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology


Utility Workgroup


The workgroup is charged with examining ways that HiTOP model informs prediction and explanation in mental health research, including the study of disorder etiology, time course, treatment engagement, impairment, and other major life outcomes.


Chris Conway & Nicholas R. Eaton

Christopher ConwayNicholas R. Eaton

Conway (left), Eaton (right)


Aaron Pincus
Aidan G. C. Wright
Alexander J. Shackman
Amanda A. Uliaszek
Andrew E. Skodol
Anna Docherty
Ashley L. Greene
Ashley Watts
Brady Nelson
Carter Funkhouser
Craig Rodriguez-Seijas
Darren Haywood
David Barnes
David H. Zald
David Preece
Eiko Fried
Emilia Soroko
Eric Phillips
Gili Goldzweig
Giovanni Salum
Irwin D. Waldman
James Prisciandaro
Jennifer L. Tackett
Johannes Zimmermann
Kamran Afzali
Katherine Jonas
Kathryn Tabb
Kelsie T. Forbush
Kristian Markon
Kristin Gainey
Lauren A. Rutter
Les C. Morey
Marco Leyton
Marina Bornovalova
Matthew Sunderland
Matthew W. Southward
Mauricio Hoffmann
Michael Dretsch
Michael First
Michael Hallquist
Miriam K. Forbes
Monika A. Waszczuk
Natacha Carragher
Natalie Goulter
Nicholas Wagner
Praveetha Patalay
Richard E Zinbarg
Robert Krueger
Roman Kotov
Sarah Sperry
Simone Cheli
Stephanie Mullins-Sweatt
Susan C. South
Tim Slade
Tom Olino
Ulrich Reininghaus
William T. Carpenter

Workgroup Outputs

Conway, C. C., Kotov, R., Krueger, R. F., & Caspi, A. (in press). Translating the hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology (HiTOP) from potential to practice: Ten research questions. American Psychologist. Advance online publication. Preprint

Conway, C. C., Krueger, R. F., & HiTOP Consortium Executive Board. (2021). Rethinking the Diagnosis of Mental Disorders: Data-Driven Psychological Dimensions, Not Categories, as a Framework for Mental-Health Research, Treatment, and Training. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 30, 151-158. Preprint

Conway, C. C., Forbes, M. K., & South, S. C. (2022). A Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) primer for mental health researchers. Clinical Psychological Science, 10(2), 236-258. Full text

Conway, C. C., Forbes, M. K., Forbush, K. T., Fried, E. I., Hallquist, M. N., Kotov, R., Mullins-Sweatt, S. N., Shackman, A. J., Skodol, A. E., South, S. C., Sunderland, M., Waszczuk, M. A., Zald, D. H., Afzali, M. H., Bornovalova, M. A., Carragher, N., Docherty, A. R., Jonas, K. G., Krueger, R. F., Patalay, P., Pincus, A. L., Tackett, J. L., Reininghaus, U., Waldman, I. D., Wright, A. G. C., Zimmermann, J., Bach, B., Bagby, R. M., Chmielewski, M., Cicero, D. C., Clark, L. A., Dalgleish, T., DeYoung, C. G., Hopwood, C. J., Ivanova, M. Y., Latzman, R. D., Patrick, C. J., Ruggero, C. J., Samuel, D. B., Watson, D., & Eaton, N. R. (2019). A hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology can transform mental health research. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 14, 419-436. Full text

Eaton, N. R.,Bringmann, L. F., Elmer, T., Fried, E. I., Forbes, M. K., Greene, A. L., Krueger, R. F., Kotov, R., McGorry, P. D., Mei, C., & Waszczuk, M. A.(2023). A review of approaches and models in psychopathology conceptualization research. Nature Reviews Psychology, 2, 622–636.

Kim, H., Turiano, N. A., Forbes, M. K., Kotov, R., Krueger, R. F., Eaton, N. R., & HiTOP Utility Workgroup. (2021). Internalizing psychopathology and all‐cause mortality: a comparison of transdiagnostic vs. diagnosis‐based risk prediction. World Psychiatry, 20, 276-282. Full text

Current Projects/Opportunities to get involved

The workgroup will keep an ongoing list of collaborative research projects. These can differ in scope and size of the author group. This list can be a way to recruit collaborators—regarding any role/task in the research process (e.g., data collection, hypothesis generation, literature review, data analysis, writing)—within the workgroup.

Current priorities are…
-Empirical studies of how psychopathology dimensions predict mental
-Health treatment course and outcome
-Empirical studies of the association between environmental stressors and narrow versus broad psychopathology dimensions.
-Narrative review of the dimensional versus categorical nature of psychopathology.

Get Involved in the HiTOP Effort

New members are always welcome